Chunks

Literature Review

分類に関して、Marrey, R. (2002) 'Seeking structure' How to write a thesis Maidenhead: open university press, pp.101-114. を参考にしています。

Define terms

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  • ... , defined by Sb (yr:p) as ... , was interestingly found to be most frequent in ...

Justify selection of literature

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  • I have found several studies (Sb yr; Sb2 yr2; Sb3 yr3) which have proved ...

Justify omissions

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  • It is important to clarify what is meant by ... , as the term encompasses many concepts.
  • The literature on ... will not be reviewed but is available from the following references: ...
  • This review will cover ... , as these are the main areas of interest to this study.

Forecast sections of review

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  • As there is a vast amount of research and writing which is relevant to ... , in this chapter I will concentrate on ...
  • Later, in reporting the results of this research, the importance of ... will be further discussed.

Signal structure

Link your work to the literature

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  • The aim of this study is not to ... . Rather it is the intention to ...
  • Having thus provided evidence for ... , these studies have been a useful departure point for reflecting on and designing my own research.

Critique the literature

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  • However, it would be superficial to study militarization only in terms of past military activity records, ...; this would lead to facile conclusions in terms of personnel, budget and arms control only. [Galtung, 1990, p.296]
  • This trial would have been more interesting if ...
  • It should be added, however, that ...

Define the gap

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  • To date no research on ... appears to have been done ...
  • This study is an attempt to fill this gap.

Name + date + verb

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  • Sb (yr:p) points out that ... and that ...
  • Sb (yr:p) quated in Sb2 (yr2:p2) state that ...
  • Sb (yr:p) use the term "sth" to refer to ...
  • Sb (yr:p) emphasise the importance of ...
  • Sb (yr:p) describe how ...
  • Sb (yr:p) refer to ...
  • the fact noted by these authors that ...
  • Sb (yr:p) argues that ...
  • Sb (yr:p) shows how ...
  • Sb (yr:p) list three cues that can signal that ...
  • ... interlocutors indicate support for the same idea but neither introduces any new information.
  • Sb (yr:p) shows how ...
  • Sb (yr:p) quotes Sb2 (yr2:p2) as saying that ...
  • Sb (yr:p) notes that ...
  • ..., as Sb (yr:p) point out, ...
  • In the words of Sb (yr:p), ...
  • Sb (yr:p) explains that ...
  • Sb (yr:p) highlights ...
  • The possible reason which Sb gives is that ...
  • Sb (yr:p) claims that ...
  • As Sb (yr:p) states, ... (cited in Sb2 yr2:p2).
  • Sb (yr:p) found that ...
  • Sb (yr:p) concluded that ...
  • Sb (yr:p) remained cautious about ...
  • Sb's study (yr) focussed on ...
  • Sb (yr cited in Sb2 yr2) carried out an investigation of ...
  • In particular, Sb suggested that ...
  • At the same time, however, Sb questioned whether ...
  • Sb (yr:p) provided further evidence of ... and greater insights into ...
  • Sb's results showed that ...
  • Sb also determined that ...
  • As part of the same study, Sb (yr:p) looked in more detail at ...
  • Sb (yr:p) observed that ...
  • In looking finally at the Sb's study (yr), what is worth highlighting is that his research in particular validates the importance of ...
  • Sb also adds that ...

Add your opinion

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  • Such questions provide opportunities for ... to introduce ...
  • What this study shows then is that ...
  • This possibility suggests that ...
  • This significance of this is highlighted in looking at ...
  • What this study confirms then is that ...